New Criminal Laws in IndiaNew Criminal Laws in India

New Criminal Laws in India: A Transformative Era in Justice

New Criminal Laws –

Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita (BNS): Streamlining and Modernizing Criminal Offenses
India’s longstanding IPC makes way for the streamlined BNS, featuring 358 sections and introducing 21 new offenses. Key provisions include penalties for deceitful sexual intercourse and enhanced measures against hate crimes and organized crime, including cyber-crimes and human trafficking.

New Criminal Laws in India
New Criminal Laws in India

Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS): Enhancing Victim-Centric Trials
The BNSS revolutionizes trial procedures with a focus on victims’ rights. It mandates swift judgments within 45 days post-trial completion, extends police custody to 90 days, and introduces trials in absentia. Notable provisions empower victims with rights such as ‘Zero FIRs’ and the right to notify a chosen individual upon arrest.

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Bharatiya Sakshya Adhiniyam (BSA): Modernizing Evidence Handling
Replacing the Indian Evidence Act, the BSA introduces modern practices in evidence handling. It permits electronic records and mandates audio-video recordings of victim statements in rape cases. The law expands the scope of secondary evidence to include expert testimonies on complex documents, ensuring robust evidentiary standards.

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Conclusion: Towards Transparency and Accountability
These legislative reforms mark a decisive departure from colonial-era laws, aiming to foster transparency, efficiency, and fairness in India’s criminal justice system. By empowering victims, modernizing evidence practices, and expediting trials, these laws uphold India’s commitment to justice and constitutional values.

  1. What are three new criminal laws in India?

    • The three new criminal laws in India are:
      • Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita (BNS)
      • Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS)
      • Bharatiya Sakshya Adhiniyam (BSA)
  2. What are the recent developments in criminal law in India?

    • The recent developments in criminal law in India include the introduction of the three new laws: BNS, BNSS, and BSA. These laws replace the colonial-era Indian Penal Code (IPC), Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC), and Indian Evidence Act, respectively. They aim to modernize and streamline the criminal justice system in India.
  3. What are the new laws replacing IPC? / आईपीसी की जगह लेने वाले नए कानून कौन से हैं?

    • The new laws replacing IPC are:
      • Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita (BNS), which replaces the Indian Penal Code.
      • Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS), which replaces the Code of Criminal Procedure.
      • Bharatiya Sakshya Adhiniyam (BSA), which replaces the Indian Evidence Act.

New Criminal Laws in India
New Delhi, June 28 (ANI): MPs at the Lok Sabha during the fifth day of the 18th Lok Sabha session, at the Parliament in New Delhi on Friday. (ANI Photo/Sansad TV)

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